Father of The Nation: Mahatma Gandhi
Every history book talks about Gandhi, a popular freedom fighter who thought nothing will ever be above his nation. I’m sure this question is quite permanent in history exams and the chapter on Mahatma Gandhi is and will remain even in the years to come because of its importance.
Mahatma Gandhi, also popularly known as Bapu, is considered as the father of the nation for all his patriotism and heroic work for years. He was a true believer of non-violence and fought for the rights of the Indians throughout his life. He was born with leadership skills and devoted his life as a freedom fighter. His methods were considered responsible and he inspired many civil rights leaders like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.
The life of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi or Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd Oct 1869. He belonged to an upper-middle-class family and went to university college, London to become a barrister. He went through an arranged marriage at the age of 13, which was considered normal at that time. He came back from London after three years and decided to practice law on his own but it went sideways and he couldn’t find success. That’s when he joined the Indian law firm where was presented with an opportunity to work in South Africa.
It was during his workdays, he saw the racial discrimination against Indians, which provoked him to fight for civil rights. He came to India and started many non-violence protests against the British. His followers started following his methods and refused to work in offices, boycotting courts, etc. It seamed small individual campaigns but showed a huge impact collectively. This was not much welcomed by the British government and therefore they prisoned Gandhi several times for his leadership in these campaigns.
Facts About Mahatma Gandhi
· We Indians celebrate 2nd Oct as Gandhi Jayanti as a national holiday (Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday). But this date has global significance too. Internationally it is observed as non-violence day.
· Mahatma Gandhi won the time magazine’s “Man of the year” award in 1930
· He was awarded Noble Prize for peace 5 times in his entire lifespan.
· Gandhi was a great writer too. If all his work is combined, he has written more than 50,000 pages.
· In 1982, a movie was based on his life called “Gandhi”. The movie won the award for best motion picture
· Gandhi not only fought for justice but racial discrimination, equal treatment for untouchables & lower caste
· NathuramGodse assassinated Gandhi on 30th January 1948. After 21 years of death, Britain started a stamp in his name.
· Mahatma title was given to Gandhi by Rabindranath Tagore
Gandhi Stays Forever
Till date, Mahatma Gandhi is a subject of study both In India and globally. His belief in Ahimsa &Satya is still regarded of great significance. His struggle for freedom and his voice against discrimination gave him recognition worldwide. His quote “Be the change you wish to see in the world” has taught value to many.